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Be prepared for rain storms and typhoons

Sabine went out to meet her client, and on the way back to the office she encountered an unexpected rain storm, for which she was not prepared. As she comes back to the office soaking wet, her colleague Rie lends her a towel.

Rie

Here you go Sabina, use this towel. You should dry yourself quick before catching a cold.
Sabine
Thank you, Rie. The sun was shining as far as I remember, and then all of a sudden the rain started to pour down. The wind picked up quickly too.

Rie

The forecast this morning was saying that the weather would be unstable this afternoon. You could have been prepared for that.
Sabine
It is just not my habit to watch weather forecasts.

Rie

Weather information is readily available online, so you can check the information from your PC or with your cell phone or smart phone. Checking the weather before you leave the house helps you prepare yourself for any weather changes later in the day. You can also check any watches and warnings that may be in effect. Pay attention to such phrases as "unstable atmosphere," "possible sudden rain," and "thunder."
Sabine
I see. I will try to check the weather more often.

Rie

There are signs for rain storms you can observe too. If you suddenly see dark clouds moving closer, hear thunder and see lightning, or feel cold air flowing, you can expect that the rain storm is about to start.

Sabine

Knowing where to pay attention in the sky is very important.

Rie

Sure. Also, if the rain or wind becomes too heavy, it could be dangerous to walk outside. I would take shelter somewhere inside the building until things calm down.

Sabine

Right. It was not a good idea for me to keep walking in that storm.

Rie

Also, in case of heavy rainfalls in a short amount of time, stay away from under the ground or near rivers, as there is a possibility of flooding.

Sabine

That sounds scary. I will remember that.
Sabine asks Rie more questions about the typhoon season that is coming about this time of the year.

Sabine
I understand that Japan has a typhoon season from summer through fall.

Rie

Yes, many typhoons at this time of the year take a route to pass through Japan.
Sabine
I rarely had an experience of such storms as typhoons back in home in Germany. Can you tell me how I can best prepare myself for the typhoon?

Rie

First, it is a good idea to bring in unsecured items such as plant pots and laundry poles from outside your apartment. Make sure to lock the doors and windows securely. If you have rain shutters, close the shutters.

Sabine

Are there any items that I should obtain in advance for an emergency weather situation?

Rie

Flashlights and emergency foods would be helpful in case electric power is lost. It is a good idea to keep those emergency items together in a place you can remember, so that you can just grab them when you have to evacuate to a shelter.

Sabine

I have some emergency items at home; I will double-check if I need anything else.

Rie

Lastly, check typhoon information as often as possible to keep yourself updated. When you know the typhoon is approaching, avoid going out unless you really need to.

Sabine

What should I do if I really have to go out when a typhoon is coming?

Rie

Forget about an umbrella as it is useless in strong winds; take a rain coat instead. But again, the best thing is not to go out.

Sabine

Of course. Thanks for helping me out with the information!