Information to Help When Disaster Prevention and Disaster

Disaster Preparedness

The Internet resources listed below provide various disaster-prevention information and knowledge.

8-1 Statistics of Registered Foreigners in Tokyo (Japanese only)

This webpage provides statistical information about the number of registered foreigners living in Tokyo. It is useful when checking the languages in which assistance should be provided in the event of a disaster, and the volume of assistance materials.

The statistics on this webpage include the following three charts: population of registered foreigners from the ten major nationalities by municipality, population of registered foreigners by nationality, and population of registered foreigners by municipality and nationality.

8-2 Tokyo Local Disaster Prevention Plan

This is a local disaster prevention plan created by the Tokyo Disaster Prevention Council with the objective of protecting the lives and properties of Tokyo residents pursuant to the Disaster Countermeasures Basic Act. This webpage provides useful information about the disaster-prevention policies implemented by the Tokyo Metropolitan Government.

8-3 Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution

The Disaster Reduction and Human Renovation Institution was established in Kobe City with the objective of utilizing the lessons from the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. The institution implements the collection and exhibition of earthquake materials, practical disaster prevention surveys and research, and fostering of disaster prevention specialists. Its activities include exhibitions featuring views of the city immediately after the earthquake, an earthquake theater that provides a realistic experience of the disaster, lectures about the earthquake, and disaster prevention workshops. This institution provides useful information for those researching or studying disaster prevention.

8-4 Disaster Prevention Manuals (Bousai Frontier) (Japanese only)

This website was created by Professor Takahisa Enomoto of the Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University.

It contains major disaster prevention manuals from all over Japan organized by application. These manuals can be used as reference materials for the creation of disaster prevention manuals by local authorities, organizations and corporations.

The website contains manuals from the major regions of Japan organized in the following categories: Earthquake Disaster Assistance Manuals, Disaster Prevention Manuals, Tsunami Countermeasure Manuals, Local Disaster Prevention Manuals, Disaster Imagination Game (DIG) Manuals, Emergency Shelter Management Manuals, Disaster and Disaster-Prevention Volunteer Manuals, Manuals for Provision of Assistance to Vulnerable People at Times of Disaster (elderly, schools for the visually impaired, schools for the hearing impaired, schools for the disabled, foreigners, people with disabilities, etc.), Disaster Prevention Manuals for Foreigners (created by Yokohama City in English, Chinese, Korean, Spanish, and Portuguese), Disaster Prevention Manuals for Schools, Disaster Prevention Manuals for Hospitals, and Disaster Preparedness Manuals for Companies.

8-5 Central Disaster Prevention Council "Report by the Expert Panel on Evacuation Measures in the Event of a Tokyo Metropolitan Epicentral Earthquake (Summary)" (Japanese only)

Chaired by the Prime Minister, the Central Disaster Prevention Council comprises the entire Cabinet including the Minister of State for Disaster Management, heads of designated public institutions and experts. The Council creates disaster-prevention plans and deliberates important matters related to disaster preparedness.

The major issue being examined by the council this fiscal year is measures to deal with the high expected number of evacuees and commuters unable to return home in the event of a Tokyo metropolitan epicentral earthquake. Make sure to acquaint yourself with the issues and the response provided by the government, and strive to spread disaster prevention knowledge.

8-6 Central Disaster Prevention Council "Guidelines for Emergency Response Activities in the Event of a Tokyo Metropolitan Epicentral Earthquake" (Japanese only)

This is a material that outlines a plan for dispatch of troops to each region, procurement of materials, and emergency transportation routes for troops and materials, etc., based on projections for the extent of damage in the event of a Tokyo metropolitan epicentral earthquake.

8-7 Central Disaster Prevention Council "Measures to Deal with Evacuees and Commuters Unable to Return Home in the Event of a Tokyo Metropolitan Epicentral Earthquake" (Japanese only)

This is a material about one of the important issues deliberated by the governmental Central Disaster Prevention Council: measures to deal with evacuees and commuters unable to return home in the event of a Tokyo metropolitan epicentral earthquake. Learning in advance about the expected extent of damage and the return behavior simulations is useful for understanding the situation of evacuees and commuters unable to return home immediately after an earthquake.

8-8 Fire Safety and Disaster Prevention Education (Bousai Eiji Website) (Japanese only)

This website was created by a research worker of the SBK Research Institute.

The webpage above provides a list of learning materials and disaster prevention games for disaster preparedness education for children and adults alike, disaster prevention education teaching materials, disaster prevention handbooks and teaching materials published by local governments, and recommended books on disaster preparedness. The disaster prevention games include "Disaster Prevention Ekiden" (a combination of quiz and board game), "Dainamajin" (a board game), "Disaster Prevention Duck" (a gesture game), "Crossroads" (a card game), "GURAGURA TOWN" (a board game) and "DIG" (a disaster imagination game).

The functions of the SBK Research Institute include: holding of disaster prevention lectures and workshops for citizens, implementation of disaster prevention drills and fairs, development of disaster prevention goods, and holding of study meetings and surveys for administrative officials in charge of disaster prevention.

8-9 Lectures for Foreign Students on Disaster Control: [What if an earthquake strikes us?]

This webpage on the Japan Study Support website, an information database site for foreign students established by the Asian Students Cultural Association, provides disaster control information.

The section on earthquakes provides easy-to-understand information and tips in four languages (Japanese, English, Chinese, and Korean) classified in categories such as "Be aware of possible crisis on a regular basis," "What to do at the moment an earthquake strikes," and "Where to evacuate," etc.

The Asian Students Cultural Association is an organization that provides Japanese and Asian students with an opportunity to live together and thus deepen their mutual understanding, and implements various initiatives and cultural activities with the objective of enhancing academic, cultural and economic exchanges, and nurturing relations of friendship with the Asian countries.

8-10 Disaster Imagination Training Tools "Meguro-maki" (Japanese only)

This webpage features simplified tools of the Meguro Method devised by Professor Kimiro Meguro of the Institute of Industrial Science, the University of Tokyo. This is a method for training by imagining the disaster situation after a major earthquake, fire or typhoon.

Follow the instructions on the site to download and prepare the "Meguro-maki" form. Enter the conditions of the disaster in the designated space in the form, and chronologically record the actions you and your family will take. By imagining in specific details the disaster situation, you can learn what kind of disaster-prevention measures you should take before, immediately after and in the aftermath of a disaster. This training is implemented in kindergartens, nursery schools, households, hospitals, companies, and other places.

8-11 Integrated Training for Commuters in the Tokyo Metropolitan Area (Tokyo Volunteer Network for Disaster Relief) (Japanese only)

It is projected that about 6.5 million commuters will face difficulties returning home in the event of a metropolitan epicentral earthquake. This webpage provides information about training implemented on the assumption that a major earthquake has occurred, and presents seven walking courses that use arterial roadways to walk from Tokyo to neighboring prefectures. The training includes instructions about walking home, the establishment of roadside aid stations to provide assistance to commuters returning home, and the dissemination of information to commuters returning home. This training teaches what kind of assistance is necessary and can be provided to those returning home in the event of a disaster. It is implemented every year with the cooperation of the government, companies, citizens' organizations and relevant institutions.

The Tokyo Volunteer Network for Disaster Relief is a network that gathers a variety of organizations of different background, functions and characteristics that share the experience of rescue and relief operations in the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake. It carries out disaster prevention and preparedness education activities and provides assistance to disaster-stricken areas.

8-12 Post-earthquake Reconstruction and Urban Development Simulation Training (Tokyo Metropolitan Town Creation Center for Disaster Prevention and Construction) (Japanese only)

After a major earthquake, people must rebuild damaged buildings and streets. Residents and municipal governments will be the primary driving force behind such efforts, and reconstruction work will be carried out through consultations with urban development experts. This webpage contains information on training that provides a virtual experience of the reconstruction process.

Training is implemented on the following five themes: (1) Guidance, (2) Walking the streets, (3) Emergency shelter life, (4) Building temporary urban areas, and (5) Local reconstruction plan creation.

The Tokyo Metropolitan Town Creation Center for Disaster Prevention and Construction is an organization that implements projects for safe and secure cities, safe and secure housing, and safe and secure buildings.

8-13 First Aid (cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and AED use) (Tokyo Fire Department) (Japanese)

This webpage provides explanation in the form of drawings on how to provide first aid in order to save the life of a person who has lost conscience and does not breath. The drawings offer easy-to-understand instructions on how to provide first aid through rescue breathing, chest compression (closed cardiac massage), and use of AED (Automated External Defibrillator). Make sure to practice these methods in advance, and learn how to apply them when the need to provide first aid arises.

8-14 First Aid with AED (Tokyo Fire Department) (English)

This webpage is designated for foreigners and provides explanation in the form of drawings with English translation on how to provide first aid in order to save the life of a person who has lost conscience and is not breathing. The drawings offer information on first-aid rescue methods such as rescue breathing, chest compression (closed cardiac massage), and the use of AED (Automated External Defibrillator). The webpage is useful when providing explanations to foreigners who understand English.

8-15 Earthquake-resistance Test of Housing (TMG's Disaster Prevention Information)

Strong earthquakes cause buildings to collapse, and lead to the loss of human lives and injuries of those trapped under the collapsed buildings. It is necessary to reinforce your home, so that it does not collapse even in the event of a major earthquake. This operation is called earthquake-resistance reinforcement. The survey of houses and buildings prior to the implementa¬tion of earthquake-resistance reinforcement is called earthquake-resistance test¬ing. Buildings built to pre-1981 earthquake-proofing standards are thought to be especially vulnerable to earthquakes. You should make sure to perform a test before a strong earthquake strikes. There is a subsidy system in place for owners to help them finance a part of expenses associated with undergoing earthquake-resistance testing and reinforcement.

8-16 Preventing Furniture and Home Appliances from Falling (TMG's Disaster Prevention Information)

Strong earthquakes cause furniture to fall, and lead to the loss of human lives or injuries when people become trapped under fallen furniture. This webpage provides explanations accompanied by drawings on methods to prevent furniture and home appliances, such as TV sets, from falling. It contains the major points for securing of furniture with anti-toppling devices, and the cost of such securing. The methods for securing of furniture, refrigerators, TV sets, and microwave ovens are described in detail.

8-17 Assistance for Foreigners at Times of Disaster Q&A Manual (Tokyo International Communication Committee)

This manual was created by the Tokyo International Communication Committee in cooperation with the Association for International Communication and Cooperation TOKYO and Kyojukon. The manual collects in a Q&A format questions expected from foreigners at times of disaster, such as after an earthquake, and outlines answers. It was created in Japanese, English, Chinese, Korean and Tagalog. Information is organized in the following categories: evacuation, rescue, food, communication and information, daily life, lifelines, housing, procedures and certification, and emotional care. Outline answers are provided for each category.

This manual is useful for organizations involved in the provision of assistance for foreigners. It is recommended that such organizations read it in preparation for a possible disaster, and adapt its content to the characteristics of the specific area. The 'Useful Links for the Provision of Assistance to Foreigners' at Times of Disaster' was created as a sequel to this manual.

Tokyo International Communication Committee

Ono Bldg. 3F, 17-15 Kandamatsunagacho, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-0023
TEL:03-5294-6542 FAX:03-5294-6540